Mentally Disabled Defendants Charged with Serious Crimes in Japan.




Name (last/first) 



Sentencing Dates & Court

///////////////////////

Retrial Status


Case Name

Date of Incident



Accused's D.O.B.

(if known)


Notes


Presently

Matsumoto Kenji 

松本健次


00/04/04 SC

96/02/21 Osaka HC

93/09/17 Otsu DC Death


Double Murder & Robbery Case

2件強盗殺人事件

(Osaka)

90.09.19

& 91.09



Was born with Minamata disease and is mentally retarded. His brother, assumed to be the main criminal, committed suicide after the event. Request for retrial filed.


On death row in Osaka. 

Case Name

Location

Date of Incident

Date of Arrest


Defendant's Name(s)

(Family  First)

F=female


Charges

~~~~

Confessed?



Presently

Shimada

島田事件

1954/03

Akabori

Murder

~~~~~

Yes

Frequently appears at wrongful arrest and anti-death penalty symposia.




Summary


Akabori, who is autistic, was arrested and charged for murdering a child. He is one of only four people whose death sentence was finalized by the Supreme Court, and was later found innocent.




Court Chronology


District Court  Death 1958/05/23 Death



High Court Death  1960/02/17 Death 



Supreme Court  1960/02/17 Death Confirmed



Later Actions


1986/05/30  Retrial granted Shizuoka District Court rejects 4th appeal. High court accepts and remands to district court for hearings.

1989/01       Not Guilty



Defendant Currently Housed at






Case Name

Location

Date of Incident

Date of Arrest


Defendant's Name(s)

(Family  First)

F=female


Charges

~~~~

Confessed?



Presently

Noda 野田

Noda City, Chiba

1979/09/11

1979/09/29

Aoyama Tadashi

Murder

~~~

Yes







Released from incarceration in 1994. Has an active support association with a monthly publication. Currently seeing evidence for retrial.


Summary


The accused is mentally challenged.



Court Chronology


District Court 1987/01/26  12 years



High Court      1989/09/06  Affirmed



Supreme Court  1993/12/20  Appeal rejected. Sentence confirmed.



Later Actions


1994/08/14  Defendant is released from prison.






Case Name

Location

Date of Incident

Date of Arrest


Defendant's Name(s)

(Family  First)

F=female


Charges

~~~~~

Confessed



Presently

Hinocho

Shiga

1984/12/28

1987/12/29 

Sakahara Hiroshi

Murder / Robbery

~~~~~

Yes.

Incarcerated in Okayama


Summary


Three years and one day after the robbery of a small bar and the murder of its elderly proprietess, police began questioning Sakahara, a former regular customer. Sakahara is mentally impaired and has never committed a crime. After three days of voluntary yet abusive police questioning, a confession was extracted.



Court Chronology


District Court     1995/06/30 Life Imprisonment



High Court          1997/05/30 Life Imprisonment



Supreme Court    2000/09/27 Confirmed



Later Actions


06/03/27 Appeal for retrial is denied.


Defendant Currently Housed at






Case Name

Location

Date of Incident

Date of Arrest


Defendant's Name(s)

(Family  First)

F=female


Charges

~~~~

Confessed?


Presently

Kokubunji Arson

1997

Tokyo

(Omitted) Mentally imparied man with an IQ of 40.

Arson

~~~~

Yes

Released after serving term


Summary


After a series of 23 suspicious fires were set in Tokyo, police began interrogating mentally impaired  residents, and charged  one with arson.



Court Chronology


District Court  99/07 18 months of labor



High Court  00/07 Appeal is rejected.



Supreme Court  03/06 Appeal rejected, sentence is confirmed.



Later Actions




Defendant Currently Housed at






Case Name

Location

Date of Incident

Date of Arrest


Defendant's Name(s)

(Family  First)

F=female


Charges

~~~~

Confessed?


Presently


Mito Filicide Case

Ibaraki

November 2004



Not released

31 year old male


Murder of father (57) mother (54) and sister (31).

Institutionalized.


Summary


Prosecution demanded death.



Court Chronology


District Court  June 27  Not Guilty by reason of insanity



High Court      Currently on appeal.



Supreme Court 



Later Actions




Defendant Currently Housed at






Case Name

Location

Date of Incident

Date of Arrest


Defendant's Name(s)

(Family  First)

F=female


Charges

~~~~

Confessed?


Presently

Utsunomiya Assault & Robbery

Withheld (Defendant is Mentally Disabled)

Assault, Robbery

~~~~~

Yes

Released.


Summary


A 53 year old mentally disabled man pleaded guilty to assaulting two junior high school girls, robbing a confectioner of 130,000 yen, and  later robbing a supermarket employee of 6,000 yen. 


Court Chronology


District Court:   After demanding a seven year term, prosecutors drop charges after another man confesses to the crime. 



High Court



Supreme Court



Later Actions


2006/03 Bar Association issues warning to authorities over the case



Defendant Currently Housed at






Case Name

Location

Date of Incident

Date of Arrest


Defendant's Name(s)

(Family  First)

F=female


Charges

~~~~

Confessed?


Presently


Chiba Child Murder Case


Chiba


2009

Katsuki Ryo

(aged 22)

Murder of a 5 year old girl.

In detention.




Summary


The defendant has a mental age of between five and nine.



Court Chronology


District Court     Currently being tried.



High Court     



Supreme Court 



Later Actions




Defendant Currently Housed at